Nanotechnology, the manipulation of matter at the atomic and molecular scale to create materials with remarkably varied and new properties, is a rapidly expanding area of research with huge potential in many sectors, ranging from healthcare to construction and electronics. In medicine, it promises to revolutionize drug delivery, gene therapy, diagnostics, and many areas of research, development and clinical application.
The field of medicine is taking its first steps towards patient-specific care. Research is aimed at tailoring treatments to address each person’s individualized needs and unique disease presentation. Scientists are developing nanoparticles that target disease sites, where they perform a programmed therapeutic task. These systems utilize molecular-machines and cellular recognition to improve efficacy and reduce side effects.