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A new study has found that although radiology research by women has increased significantly over the past five decades, the rate of this increase has leveled off since 2000.

“This is both a positive and a negative result,” says Erin O’Connor, MD, assistant professor of diagnostic radiology and nuclear medicine at the University of Maryland School of Medicine (UMSOM), and the lead author of the paper. “The good news is that radiology publications by female researchers are much more common than they were in 1970. But at the same time, these increases seem to be flattening to a certain extent.”

The paper was published recently in the journal Academic Radiology.

Dr. O’Connor and her colleagues focused on authorship between 1970 and 2016. They examined articles in two key radiology journals, Radiology and the American Journal of Radiology, looking at the gender of the first, corresponding and last authors.

The generally accepted practice is that the first author is the scientist who contributed most to the work. Typically, the senior researcher is listed last, and the corresponding author has developed the overall design of the study.

First authorship among females in Radiology demonstrated a 31 percent increase from 1970 to

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