Patients with early kidney cancer benefit from robotic partial nephrectomy
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IMAGE: This is a robotic urologic surgery demonstration. view more 

Credit: Ricardo Carrasco III

LOS ANGELES – For patients with early kidney cancer, removing part of the kidney instead of the whole kidney is often a preferred treatment because the procedure can effectively remove tumors while preserving kidney function. But when it comes to the best surgical approach — robotic, laparoscopic or open — for this type of surgery, known as partial nephrectomy, the choice has been less clear. A comprehensive study by the Keck School of Medicine of USC, which has found that robotic partial nephrectomy offers significantly better patient outcomes, may help inform those decisions.

“Robotic partial nephrectomy has become increasingly more common, yet there’s a lack of consensus among urologists about its performance vis-a-vis open or laparoscopic techniques,” says the study’s corresponding author Inderbir Gill, MD, chair and distinguished professor of urology at the Keck School. “Our goal with this study was to critically evaluate the impact of these three techniques on patient outcomes such as complications, cancer recurrence and mortality.”

The systematic review and meta-analysis, published in the August 2018 issue of The Journal of Urology, combined data from 98 studies on robotic, open and

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